STDs are very common and are serious health problems. The highest rates of infection are found among women aged between 15 and 19 and men aged between 20 and 24. Their many STDs people aren’t aware of, hence the need to always practice safe sex or abstinence (if you are still young and at school). Regular tests are necessary for anyone who is sexually active. Also, use best at home drug test kits for 2018.
These diseases are transmitted from one person to another during intimate physical contact, typically sexual intercourse. You must always remember that some diseases like AIDS threatens your life, but do not forget the dangers of other STDs. Some, like hepatitis B, can cause chronic illness and even death. Others can cause infertility or genital or anal cancer.
Women are particularly vulnerable to sexually transmitted infection (STI) and related complications. The repercussions are unfortunately much heavier. Many infections are transmitted more easily from man to woman than vice versa, including HIV/AIDS. Some viruses cause fallopian tube obstructions that are the source of pelvic pain for many years and risk of ectopic pregnancy (out of the womb) or even infertility.
It is common for women to develop cervical cancer as a result of contracting an STI. Infections can also be transmitted to children during pregnancy or at birth, resulting in malformations or death.
Symptoms usually appear two to six months after infection. They include lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, pale stools, headaches, a general feeling of unease, jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin) and dark urine.
Some people carry the virus in the absence of symptoms and can transmit it to their sexual partners without suspecting it. Most people recover, but there may be long-term consequences, such as chronic liver disease. The hepatitis B virus spreads through saliva or contaminated blood. An infected mother can infect her child at birth.
Avoid sharing needles and hypodermic syringes, instruments used to pierce, toothbrushes and razors. If you contract the disease, avoid sex until your doctor confirms that there are no more risks. If your usual partner has had hepatitis B, ask your doctor if you should be vaccinated.
Condyloma (genital warts)
Condylomas are warts that grow on and around the genitals. They look like ordinary warts since they are caused by similar viruses. Genital warts typically appear from two weeks to eight months after sexual contact with an infected person. They are fleshy and look like a cauliflower. They occur in moist areas such as the penis, vagina or anus, and are not painful.
Warts can also attach to and around the mouth as a result of oral sex. Some infected people have no outward signs and can spread the virus without suspecting it. Treatments include the application of a drug on the affected external areas and surgery to remove warts present inside the body.
Untreated, genital warts can be very dangerous, especially for women. There is a known link between the presence of genital warts inside the vagina and cervical cancer. People who have warts in the anus are at greater risk of developing rectal cancer. Babies born to mothers with condylomas may have warts in their throats.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
AIDS is caused by HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), which weakens the functions of fighting infection. because of the failure of their immune system, sufferers succumb to infections and cancers. HIV spreads in the exchange of infected blood, vaginal secretions or semen. This can occur during sexual activities, by sharing needles or during childbirth.
HIV is NOT transmitted through simple daily social contacts. A handshake, a hug, sharing food does not give AIDS. Domestic animals and mosquitoes do not transmit it either. Giving blood does not expose you to the virus since a new needle is used for each donor. So there is no contact with someone else’s blood.
The risk of acquiring HIV through blood transfusions is very low, as tests for the virus are still being done. HIV infection can be detected with a simple blood test for the HIV antibody. It may take more than 12 weeks before HIV antibodies are sufficient to be detectable. So, we can have a negative test and still be a carrier of the virus.
AIDS is the last stage of HIV infection. Many years can pass before an HIV-positive person (HIV carrier) really develops AIDS. To protect yourself from HIV, you need to practice safer sex. Kissing an HIV-positive person on the cheek or dry lips is safe. There are no reports of AIDS or HIV infection caused by deep kissing. This practice involves essentially few risks.